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LEVIATHAN

THOMAS HOBBES, the son of a curate, was born in Malmesbury, Wiltshire, in 1588. He studied at Oxford and spent most of his life employed by the aristocratic Cavendish family, whose younger members he accompanied on European tours. He published his translation of Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War in 1629, and in the 1630s his interests increasingly concerned themselves with modern science and philosophy. In 1640, in the context of political turmoil in England, Hobbes fled to Paris, where he lived throughout the Civil War. It was here that he began work on his masterpiece, Leviathan. In January 1649, Charles I was executed and England was subsequently declared a Commonwealth; Leviathan was published in 1651, and Hobbes returned home from France several months later. His comprehensive philosophical system was presented in his trilogy, De Corpore (1655), De Homine (1658) and De Cive (1642). In his eighties, Hobbes wrote an autobiography in Latin verse and translated the whole of Homer’s Odyssey and Iliad. He died at Hardwick Hall in Derbyshire, aged ninety-one.

CHRISTOPHER BROOKE is a lecturer at Cambridge University in the Department of Politics and International Studies, and author of Philosophic Pride: Stoicism and Political Thought from Lipsius to Rousseau (2012).

Thomas Hobbes


LEVIATHAN

With an Introduction and Notes by
CHRISTOPHER BROOKE

PENGUIN CLASSICS

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First published in 1651

This edition first published in Penguin Classics 2017

Introduction and editorial material copyright © Christopher Brooke, 2017

All rights reserved

Cover: Detail from Title page of Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes (1651) © The British Library Board

ISBN: 978-0-141-39510-4

Contents

Introduction

A Note on the New Edition

LEVIATHAN

Epistle Dedicatory

The Introduction

Part I: Of Man

Part II: Of Common-wealth

Part III: Of a Christian Common-wealth

Part IV: Of the Kingdome of Darknesse

A Review, and Conclusion

Notes

Chronology

Further Reading

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Part One


OF MAN

Part Two


OF COMMON-WEALTH

Part Three


OF A CHRISTIAN COMMON-WEALTH

Part Four


OF THE KINGDOME OF DARKNESSE